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  • Brief History of the Empire State : The majority of the content on the Empire State History website was written by Welland Hendrick and taken from his book Brief History of The Empire State.

  • Aftermath of the Dongan Charter : This quick destruction of their long sought liberty stirred up rebellious feeling more fierce than the spirit which in earlier days prompted petitions and protests.

  • Architecture of New Amsterdam : The Dutch house, still to be seen in old towns about the Hudson, stood gable end to the street. The front wall was generally of brick or stone.

  • Beginning of the Revolution : As the first century of English rule in New York drew to a close, the people were beginning to think of themselves as Americans. The English, too, began to treat the colony as part of one great province.

  • Colonel William Cosby : During Governor Cosby's appointed he ordered the arrest of New York Weekly Journal editor, Peter Zender, for libel.

  • Conditions in the Colony : Religion, education and the public buildings of New York county.

  • Declaration of Independence : As summer followed the cold winter of 1741, rumors of a slave riot filled the air. Many believed a negro plot to destroy the city was being planned.

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  • Dongan Charter : On the seventeenth of October, 1683, some seventy five years after the discovery of New York, the representatives of the citizens adopted a charter for their own government.

  • Rule of the Dutch 1609-1664 : History, facts and info about New York during the Dutch Rule.

  • Rule of the English 1664-1775 : History, facts and info about New York during English Rule.

  • English Rule 1691 to 1744 : Internal strife had been bitter during the early struggles with the French. The two parties which had grown up in the colony were known as Leislerians and the anti-Leislerians

  • Final Struggle with France 1744 - 1760 :

  • First Settlements in New York : It was July of 1609 that Samuel Champlain first entered the State of New York. It was on the 3rd of September of the same year that Hudson discovered New York Bay.

  • French and Indian War :

  • French in New York 1642 to 1713 : New France, a name given to Novia Scotia, New Foundland, Canada and the valley of the Mississippi, and the present State of New York, from which the water flows into the Great Lakes and the St Lawrence.

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  • Growth of the Dutch Colony : Four dangerous elements surrounded the new ruler, the Swedes , the English , the Indians and the rapidly growing party in New Amsterdam .

  • Brief History of New York State : New York was home to the Iroquois, the conquering Indians of America.

  • Close of English Rule in New York : The New York of 1760 and 1770 was no longer a collection of settlements; it was fast taking on the form of a State.

  • Life in New Amsterdam : Including general daily activities, religion, dress and Dutch customs. Click here for more detailed information about Life in New Amsterdam.

  • New York Again a Dutch Colony : In 1673 the Dutch Republic was at war with England. A large Dutch fleet, lead by Cornelis Evertsen, was able to retake New York city without too much fuss.

  • New York the English Province : In November, 1674, New York finally passed from the hands of the Dutch to remain for one hundred years an English province.

  • New York Timeline 1497-1664 : Timeline of events happening in New York between 1497 - 1664.

  • New York Under The Duke of York : In 1660 Charles II, returned to the throne and one of his first acts was to give his brother, James, Duke of York, all the land lying between Connecticut and Delaware rivers.

  • People in the New York Colony : The lords of the manors had vast tracts of land, which, like the Dutch patroons, they rented to their farmers and over which they had almost kingly power.

  • People of New Netherland : The Dutch lost New York because as traders and soldiers they could not hold the land against the English farmer.

  • Periods of New York History : The recorded history of New York, which begins with Champlain's battle on the shore of the lake, easily separates into five periods.

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  • Raids of the French and English : The separateness and mutal jeolousies of the English colonies were a source of weakness. The french, less in number, won by unity and push.

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  • Southern, Middle and Albany Counties :

  • The Indian and French Trade : The French had the advantage of position; but the English at Albany could afford to give the Indians nearly twice as much powder, rum and woolen cloth for a beaver skin.

  • The Patroons, Government and Indians of New Netherland : The settling of New York was not without its problems including the land owners, the Iroqois Indians and of course the government.

  • The People of New York : The people were filling the Hudson Valley, spreading over Orange and Ulster counties and further north they were looking longingly to the land where the Mohawk would easily carry them.