Periods of New York History
The recorded history of New York, which begins with Champlain's battle on the shore of the lake, easily
separates into five periods.
The Rule of the Dutch, extending from the discovery of the Hudson in 1609 to the
surrender to the English in 1664. In this period the Dutch discovered and settled the land about the Hudson and
on Long Island.
The Rule of the English, extending from the Dutch surrender to the English in 1664 to
the flight of the English governor in 1775. In this period the colonists increased rapidly; they drove back the
French and found English rule unbearable.
New York as a Sovereign State, extending from the flight of the English governor in 1775 to the inauguration of
Washington in 1789. In this period the State joined with twelve other States in war of independence, but
was one of a weak confederacy, until it finally becomes part of a strong nation.
The development of the State, extending from the inauguration of Washington in 1789 to the completion of the
Erie canal in 1825. In this period the State built a waterway of national importance and advanced from the rank of
fifth to the rank of first in wealth and population.
The era of progress, extending from the completion of the Erie canal in 1825 to the latter part of the
nineteenth century. In this period the State maintains its rights to the name of the Empire State.